The Royal Tombs


Location of the Tombs


Plan of the Valley of the KingsThe system used for numbering the tombs in the Valley of the Kings was first established by John Gardiner Wilkinson in 1827 as part of his preparation of a map of Thebes. The numbers were assigned geographically, from the entrance to the Valley southward. Since Wilkinson's day, tomb numbers have been assigned in chronological order of discovery.

The numbers are prefixed with 'KV' for Kings' Valley, or 'WV' for West Valley. The first tomb numerically, KV1, is that of Ramesses VII whilst the latest tomb to be discovered is numbered KV63. To slightly add to the confusion, KV5 was only rediscovered in the 1990s after being dismissed as unimportant by previous expeditions.

A number of the tombs were never occupied, the owners of others remain unknown, some were occupied by animals whilst others still are merely pits that were used for storage.

The earliest tombs (for example KV34 and KV43) were located in the rock walls of the valley's cliffs and often in rock clefts and dried up waterfalls. As these locations were soon used, burials then descended to the lower valley away from the cliffs. These tombs, due to their location, were prone to flooding and expansion damage by the underlying shales. The later tombs were located at ground level on the ends of rock spurs which provided some protection from flooding, although water damage was still a problem.


Numerical List


Tomb No
Tomb
Owner

Date Discovered
Principal
Excavator

Date
Excavated
Summary of
Objects Found *

KV1
Ramesses VII
In antiquity
Edwin C. Brock
1984/85
Furniture, vessel stands, documents
KV2
Ramesses IV
In antiquity
Edward R. Ayrton
1905/06
Human mummies, furniture, documents
KV3
Unknown son of Ramesses III
In antiquity
Harry Burton
1912
Architectural elements, vessels
KV4
Intended for Ramesses XI
In antiquity
John Romer
1978/80
Sculpture, vessels, documents
KV5
Sons of Ramesses II
Before 1799
Kent R. Weeks
1987/94
Human remains, jewelery, documents
KV6
Ramesses IX
In antiquity
Henry Salt
1817
Sculpture, transport, documents
KV7
Ramesses II
In antiquityHenry Salt
1817
Sculpture, vessels
KV8
Merenptah
In antiquityHoward Carter1903/04
Vessels, writing material
KV9
Ramesses V & Ramesses VI
In antiquityJames Burton
1820/30
Furniture, vessels, documents
KV10
Amenmesse
In antiquityEdward R. Ayrton1907
Vessels
KV11
Ramesses III
In antiquityGiovanni Belzoni1916/19
Human mummies, vessels
KV12
Unknown
In antiquityE. Harold Jones1908/09
Human mummies
KV13
Intended for Chancellor Bay
In antiquityH. Altenmuller1988/94
Vessels
KV14
Twosert then SetnakhteIn antiquityH. Altenmuller
1983/87
Tomb equipment
KV15
Seti II
In antiquityHoward Carter
1902/03
Human mummies
KV16
Ramesses I
1817
Giovanni Belzoni
1817
Human mummies, sculpture
KV17
Seti I
1817
Giovanni Belzoni1817
Mammal mummies, sculpture, vessels
KV18
Ramesses X
In antiquityHoward Carter1902
Documents and washed-in objects
KV19
Prince MentuherkhepeshefIn antiquityGiovanni Belzoni1817
Human mummies, jewelery, vessels, clothes
KV20
Thutmose I & Hatshepsut
Before 1799
Howard Carter1903/04
Jewelery, sculpture, vessels
KV21
Two 18th dynasty queens (?)
1817
Giovanni Belzoni1817
Human mummies, scarabs & seals,vessels
WV22
Amenhotep III
Before 1799
Howard Carter1915
Human mummies, jewelery, tools, models
WV23
Ay
1816
Giovanni Belzoni1816
Human mummies, jewelery, tools, models
WV24
Unknown
Before 1832
Otto Schaden
1991/92
Human remains, tools, vessels
WV25
Intended for Akhenaten (?)
1817
Giovanni Belzoni1817
Human mummies, sculpture, documents
KV26
UnknownBefore 1835
James Burton
1835

KV27
Unknown
Before 1832Donald Ryan1990
Human mummies, vessels
KV28
Unknown
Before 1832Donald Ryan
1990
Human remains, mummy trappings
KV29
UnknownBefore 1832
Unexcavated

KV30
Unknown
1817
Giovanni Belzoni1817
Vessels
KV31
Unknown1817
Giovanni Belzoni1817

KV32
Tia'a, wife of Amenhotep II1898
Victor Loret
1898
Canopic chest
KV33
Unknown1898
Victor Loret
1898

KV34
Thutmose III
1898
Inspector Hosni
1898
Human mummies, sculpture, models
KV35
Amenhotep II
1898
Victor Loret
1898
Human mummies, sculpture, models
KV36
Maiherperi, royal fan bearer
1899
Victor Loret
1899
Human mummies, jewelery, vessels
KV37
Unknown1899
Victor Loret1899
Human remains, sculpture, vessels
KV38
Thutmose I
1899
Victor Loret
1899
Architectural elements
KV39
Amenhotep I ?
1900
Boutros Andraos
1900
Human mummies, jewelery, vessels
KV40
Unknown1899
Victor Loret1899

KV41
Unknown1899
Victor Loret1899

KV42
Queen Hatshepsut-Meryet-Ra1899
Victor Loret
1900
Religious, transport, vessels
KV43
Thutmose IV
1903
Howard Carter1903
Human mummies, sculpture, models
KV44
Unknown1901
Howard Carter
1901
Human mummies, jewelery, vessels
KV45
18th dynasty overseer Userhet
1902
Howard Carter1902
Human mummies, jewelery, vessels
KV46
Parents of Tiye (Amenhotep III)1905
James E. Quibell
1905
Human mummies, jewelery, sculpture
KV47
Siptah
1905
Edward R. Ayrton1905/07
Human remains, vessels, writing equipment
KV48
Vizier Amenemopet
1906
Edward R. Ayrton
1906
Human mummies, furniture, vessels
KV49
Unknown1906
Edward R. Ayrton1906
Mummy trappings, tools, documents
KV50
Animal tomb
1906
Edward R. Ayrton1906
Mammal mummies
KV51
Animal tomb
1906
Edward R. Ayrton1906
Bird mummies, mammal mummies, jewelery
KV52
Animal tomb
1906
Edward R. Ayrton1906
Mammal mummies, mummy trappings
KV53
Unknown
1906
Edward R. Ayrton1906
Documents
KV54
Tutankhamun cache
1907
Edward R. Ayrton1907/08
Mummy trappings, vessel stands, vessels
KV55
Akhenaten (or Queen Tiye) ?
1907
Edward R. Ayrton1907/08
Human mummies, jewelery, sculpture
KV56
Unknown
1908
Edward R. Ayrton1908
Jewelery, vessels
KV57
Horemheb
1908
Edward R. Ayrton1908
Human remains, sculpture, furniture
KV58
Satellite tomb of KV57
1909
E. Harold Jones
1909
Furniture, accessories, transport
KV59
Unknown
1825
James Burton
1825

KV60
Sit-Ra (nurse to Hatshepsut)1903
Howard Carter
1903
Human mummies, jewelery, vessels, tools
KV61
Unused private tomb
1910
E. Harold Jones1910

KV62
Tutankhamun1922
Howard Carter1922/32
Human mummies, furniture, transport
KV63
Storage chamber
2005
Otto Schaden
2005/2006
Mummy trappings, vessels

*Most tombs also contained tomb equipment.


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