Tombs KV11 - KV14


Tomb KV11


Tomb KV11, located in the East Valley, was the burial place of the 20th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses III and was first explored by Giovanni Belzoni in 1916. The tomb has been partially open since antiquity.

KV11 - Ramesses III on a column in the Chariot Hall From the entrance, a stairway leads to the first corridor, which has two side chambers. This corridor leads directly to a second corridor with eight side chambers. Beyond the second corridor the cutting of the third corridor broke through the ceiling of KV10. The right wall was subsequently cut further to the west to avoid KV10, transforming the corridor into a chamber. The revised third corridor leads from this new chamber to the Hall of Waiting.

Beyond the Hall of Waiting is the Chariot Hall with a side chamber and central descent which leads, via a fourth corridor, to two square chambers followed by the large burial chamber. The burial chamber has four side chambers, one at each corner, and three further chambers leading off the rear wall.

The entrance, the first two corridors and the first chamber originally bore the names of Setnakhte, but were re-inscribed for Ramesses III, for whom the remainder of the tomb was decorated as well.
KV11
Tomb of Ramesses III

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: In antiquity
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iiiiExcavator: Giovanni Belzoni
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.i.iExcavated: 1916/19
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ikiTotal area: 723.33m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
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kiDecoration:
Grafitti
Painting
Sunk relief
..
........Objects:
Human mummies
Tomb equipment
Vessels


..
The colour of the decoration of the tomb is still remarkably well preserved. At the entrance to the tomb, twin Hathor-headed columns flank the doorway, the solar disc with the goddesses Isis and Nephthys being placed between them. Passages from the Litany of Re decorate the walls of the first two corridors. The side chambers, added by Ramesses III, are decorated with secular scenes, including paintings of the royal armory, representations of boats, and the famous blind harpists.
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KV11 - Burial Chamber, looking towards Chariot Hall

KV11 - Wall decoration


















KV11 - decoration
KV11 - Chariot Hall

After the offset, the decorative work clearly becomes that of Ramesses III. Scenes from the Amduat are found in the corridor leading from the offset, while standard divine scenes decorate the Hall of Waiting. The Chariot Hall, with its four central pillars (pictured above), is decorated with scenes from the Book of Gates, with Ramesses III and various deities on the pillars themselves.
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KV11 - Sarcophagus of Ramesses III














The final corridor is inscribed with material from the Opening of the Mouth ceremony. In the antechambers, are depictions of various deities. Within the burial chamber itself are to be found images and texts from the Book of Gates and the Book of the Earth. The side chambers are decorated with texts and scenes from the Book of the Divine Cow. At the end of the final passage, part of the judgment of Osiris, a scene from the Book of Gates, is depicted.
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Apart from the sarcophagus, which is now in the Louvres, in Paris, there are few attributable finds from KV11 with the exception of five, solid bronze, shabtis.
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The mummy of Ramesses III was not found in the tomb, but was part of the DB320 cache.



Tomb KV12


Tomb KV12, located in the East Valley, was used originally in the 18th dynasty, and then again in the19th and 20th dynasties. It was probably used for multiple burials of royal family members. The tomb has been open since antiquity.

Valley of the KingsRather than opening onto the long first corridor typical of other tombs in the valley, the slightly offset entrance opens into a chamber with a single pillar, three unfinished side chambers and a stairway.

From this chamber a corridor leads to a small chamber with a central descent. A second corridor leads from here to a chamber flanked by four side chambers, and a final chamber with its own annex. The layout of the tomb, especially the lower chambers, suggests that it was intended for multiple burials of royal family members.
KV12
Tomb of Unknown

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: In antiquity
..
iiiiExcavator: E. Harold Jones
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.i.iExcavated: 1908/09
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ikiTotal area: 253.83m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
Grafitti
..
........Objects:
Human mummies
Tomb equipment


..
While the initial set of chambers are roughly cut, the rest of the tomb is more carefully finished. Inked outlines of uncut gates in the final chamber indicate that several more chambers were intended, but were never cut. It is possible that these side chambers were not cut due to veins of calcite in the rock.

As the tomb is undecorated, and because it has been thoroughly plundered, the exact date of construction and use are unknown. Certainly the lower chambers pre-date Ramesses VI since the east wall of the final chamber was broken through by the tomb cutters of KV9. If there had been any earlier burials, they may have been plundered at that time.


Tomb KV13


Tomb KV13, located in the East Valley close to the tombs of Seti II, Tausert and Siptah, was the intended burial place of the 19th dynasty official, Chancellor Bay, who rose to prominence and high office under Seti II. The tomb, partially open since antiquity, was first excavated by Hartwig Altenmuller between 1988 and 1994.

KV13 - Image of Chancellor Bay From its entrance, a ramp leads to the first of three corridors. The two succeeding corridors lead to the Hall of Waiting which is without the customary well shaft. Directly following the Hall of Waiting is the Chariot Hall. Beyond this chamber the work is extremely rough and unfinished and consists of two further corridors followed by the burial chamber. There are two side chambers off the second of these two corridors. As a result of its position beneath a cascade from the plateau above, the tomb has suffered structural damage from floods, and all the ceilings of the tomb have collapsed.
KV13
Tomb of Chancellor Bay

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: In antiquity
..
iiiiExcavator: H. Altenmuller
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.i.iExcavated: 1988/94
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ikiTotal area: 180.99m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
Sunk relief
..
........Objects:
Tomb equipment
Vessels


..
The tomb was particularly susceptible to flooding, and at least four flooding events extensively damaged the decoration and architecture, and filled the tomb with debris. Accordingly, most of the painted plaster sunk relief decoration on the walls has been lost. The surviving decoration in the first three corridors shows Chancellor Bay with deities and excerpts of the Book of the Dead. The Hall of Waiting shows traces of divine scenes.

The tomb was left unfinished and was later reused by the 20th dynasty princes Amenherkhepshef and Mentuherkhepshef, whose sarcophagi were found in the tomb. The sarcophagus of Amenherkhepshef was initially intended for Queen Twosert.


Tomb KV14


Tomb KV14, located in the East Valley, was the burial place of the 19th dynasty Queen Twosret, reused by the 20th dynasty pharaoh Setnakhte. The tomb, open since antiquity, was first fully excavated by Hartwig Altenmuller between 1983 and 1987.

KV14 - Tomb of Tawosret and SethnakhteThis tomb displays several phases of construction, reflecting the changing status of Twosret from royal wife under Seti II, to regent during the reign of Siptah, and finally to independent ruler at the end of the 19th dynasty. The tomb was taken over in the 20th dynasty for the burial of Setnakhte.

The entrance opens on to the first of three corridors leading to the Hall of Waiting, which is without the usual well shaft. The Hall of Waiting is succeeded by a pillar-less Chariot Hall with a central descent (pictured above). The fourth corridor, which has a side chamber on its left wall, leads to a small antechamber followed by the first of two burial chambers. This first burial chamber (intended for Twosret) has a vaulted ceiling and sunken floor flanked by two rows of four pillars on benches to the front and rear. Four unfinished side chambers are located at the corners of the chamber.
KV14
Tomb of Twosret and Setnakhte

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: In antiquity
..
iiiiExcavator: H. Altenmuller
..
.i.iExcavated: 1983/87
..
ikiTotal area: 628.55m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
Grafitti
Painting
Sunk relief

..
........Objects:
Tomb equipment
..
From the first burial chamber two more corridors lead to the second burial chamber (for Setnakhte), which also has four annexes and a corridor leading off from its rear. This second burial chambers also has eight pillars.

The painted plaster relief in the upper corridors has suffered some damage, but in general the decoration is largely intact, and the colors are bright. The first three corridors are decorated in sunk relief with scenes of the queen accompanying Siptah before various deities, followed by representations of the guardians of the portals of the realm of Osiris from the Book of the Dead. In most instances, the image and name of the queen were replaced with those of Setnakhte.
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KV14 - Chariot Hall

KV14 - View of the first burial chamber

KV14 - Burial chamber - Setnakht before Horus; Book of the Earth
KV14 - Image of Anubis
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In the Hall of Waiting are images of various deities while the Chariot Hall (above and top, below) is decorated with scenes from the Book of the Dead. The first burial chamber (pictured bottom left) has scenes from the Book of Gates and the closing scenes from the Book of Caverns, along with an astronomical ceiling.

Between burial chambers, the corridors are decorated with scenes from the Amduat. The second burial chamber, like the first, has an astronomical ceiling, along with scenes from the Book of Gates on its walls.

KV14 - sarcophagus and burial chamber
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The remains of Setnakhte were not in the tomb, but have since been found in KV35.

Likewise the whereabouts of Twosret's remains are uncertain. Her granite sarcophagus was recently found in KV13 where it had been re-used for the burial of prince Amenherkhepeshef.
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In most instances, the image and name of the queen were replaced with those of Setnakhte.

At some point, the names of Siptah were altered to those of Seti II, although the date of this change is not known.



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