Tombs KV47 - KV54


Tomb KV47


Tomb KV47, located in the East Valley, was the burial place of the nineteenth dynasty pharaoh Siptah. The tomb was discovered by Edward Ayrton in 1905 and excavated between 1905 and 1907.

KV47 - The tomb of Siptah (at bottom of photograph)The tomb is located in the southwest branch of the southwest wadi. The first part of the tomb is well preserved, but beyond the Hall of Waiting the walls have suffered structural damage and are in a poor state of repair. (Because of this Ayrton only dug as far as the antechamber in has excavations of 1905/07. Harry Burton resumed the excavation in 1912 and cleared the tomb from the Hall of Waiting to the burial chamber).

From the ramped entrance with divided stairs, three gently sloping corridors lead to the Hall of Waiting. No shaft was cut in the floor of this chamber, but the walls were plastered and decorated. The Hall of Waiting leads onto the Chariot Hall which has 4 pillars, two on either side of a central descent.

From here, two subsequent corridors lead to an undecorated antechamber which in turn leads through a short passage to the burial chamber, which contains a granite sarcophagus.
KV47
Tomb of Siptah

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1905
..
iiiiExcavator: Edward Ayrton
..
.i.iExcavated: 1905/07
..
ikiTotal area: 501.42m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
Painting
Sunk relief
..
........Objects:
Human remains
Tomb equipment
Vessels
Writing equipment
..
KV47 - First corridor ceiling
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KV47 - Burial chamber and sarcophagus
Like much of the tomb, the burial chamber is unfinished. Red paint outlines on the rear wall show where additional pillars were to be cut. There is a roughly rectangular, shallow pit in the floor of the chamber. There was a vaulted ceiling over that part of the chamber where the sarcophagus lay, but because of the bad condition of the rock, the front of the chamber and its pillars have collapsed. There are no side chambers.
..
Due to successive floods, no decorations remain beyond the Hall of Waiting. In the first corridor is a scene of Siptah addressing Re-Horakhty followed by the opening lines of the Litany of Re. Further text and scenes, including a scene of Anubis before the bier of Osiris, fill the remainder of this corridor. On the ceiling are images of winged vultures. The walls of the second corridor contain texts from the Litany of Re and the Book of the Dead, while on the ceiling is a depiction of Isis and Nephthys as kites on either side of the soul of Re.
..
Judging by the objects found in the tomb, KV47 may also have been the burial place of Queen Tia'a. The evidence for this mostly consists of fragmentary calcite canopic equipment, along with a model coffin inscribed with the name of Tia'a. Like KV15, the cartouches of the king were erased, then restored with paint.
..
The mummy of Siptah was not in the tomb, but was found in the tomb of Amenhetep II (KV35) by Victor Loret in 1898.


Tomb KV48


Tomb KV48, located in the East Valley, was the burial place of the eighteenth dynasty mayor of Thebes, Amenemopet called Pairy. He was the brother of Sennufer and vizier under pharaoh Amenhotep II. The tomb was discovered by Edward Ayrton in 1906 and excavated the same year.

Valley of the Nobles - Sheikh Abd el-QurnaThe tomb is located in the west branch off the southwest wadi. The tomb is entered via a deep shaft and consists of a single chamber. The cutting of the chamber had been completed, but the tomb remained undecorated.

The tomb had been plundered in antiquity and later resealed. Only fragments of the tombs original contents were still in the burial chamber, including the mummy of a 'tall and well built man', who, according to wooden shabtis found in the debris, was Amenemopet, vizier and governor of Thebes.

The fact that his tomb is located in the vicinity of KV35 indicates that Amenemopet enjoyed the favor of Amenhotep II. Amenemopet is also the owner of TT29 in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna.
KV48
Tomb of Amenemopet

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1906
..
iiiiExcavator: Edward Ayrton
..
.i.iExcavated: 1906
..
ikiTotal area: 31.02m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
None
..
........Objects:
Architectural elements
Furniture
Human mummies
Scarabs and seals
Tomb equipment
Vessels


Tomb KV49


Tomb KV49, located in the East Valley, is an eighteenth dynasty tomb. Little is known about the tomb or who its owner might have been.

Valley of the KingsThe tomb is located in the west branch off the southwest wadi (on the outcrop in the centre rear of the photograph).

From the stepped entrance passage a long, sloping corridor leads to a relatively large, rectangular chamber which may have served as the burial chamber.

However, an unfinished descent in this chamber indicates that the tomb was never completed. The tomb is a typical corridor tomb of the mid eighteenth dynasty.

The tomb was never decorated. The only markings in the tomb are the red layout marks used in cutting the tomb and some grafitti showing the tomb was accessible in the late New Kingdom. The texts deal with the provisioning of a burial and indicate that the tomb was used in the later New Kingdom to store rags.
KV49
Tomb of Unknown

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1906
..
iiiiExcavator: Edward Ayrton
..
.i.iExcavated: 1906
..
ikiTotal area: 46.61m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
Grafitti
..
........Objects:
Carpenters' and sculptors' tools
Game components
Mummy trappings
Tomb equipment
Vessels
Written documen
ts


Tomb KV50


Tomb KV50, located in the East Valley, is an eighteenth dynasty animal tomb. Little is known about the tomb or who its owner might have been.

KV50 - burial chamber - animal mummiesThe tomb is located in the west branch off the southwest wadi. It is one of a group of three tombs (KV50, KV51, KV52) that may represent the pet cemetery of an animal loving pharaoh, perhaps Amenhotep II.

A small square shaft leads to a small, low ceilinged chamber. The cutting of the chamber had been completed, but the tomb remained undecorated. The tomb contained the mummies of a monkey and a dog and some wooden coffin fragments that could have belonged to an official or simply parts of an animal coffin. The tomb was robbed in antiquity.
KV50
Tomb of Unknown

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1906
..
iiiiExcavator: Edward Ayrton
..
.i.iExcavated: 1906
..
ikiTotal area: 5.11m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
None
..
........Objects:
Mammal mummies
Tomb equipment


Tomb KV51


Tomb KV51, located in the East Valley, is an eighteenth dynasty animal tomb. Little is known about the tomb or who its owner might have been.

KV51 - burial chamber - animal mummiesThe tomb is located in the west branch off the southwest wadi. It is one of a group of three tombs (KV50, KV51, KV52) that may represent the pet cemetery of an animal loving pharaoh, perhaps Amenhotep II whose tomb is nearby (KV35).

A shallow square shaft leads to a long narrow chamber, which could indicate the tomb was to be provided with one or two side chambers. The cutting of the chamber had been completed, but the tomb remained undecorated. The entrance had been reblocked with stones and part of a coffin lid.

The tomb contained the mummies of three monkeys, a baboon, three ducks and an ibis. The tomb also contained a stucco canopic package mask. The tomb was robbed in antiquity.
KV51
Tomb of Unknown

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1906
..
iiiiExcavator: Edward Ayrton
..
.i.iExcavated: 1906
..
ikiTotal area: 17.86m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
None
..
........Objects:
Bird mummies
Jewellery
Mammal mummies
Mummy trappings
Tomb equipment


Tomb KV52


Tomb KV52, located in the East Valley, is an eighteenth dynasty animal tomb. Little is known about the tomb or who its owner might have been.

KV51 - burial chamber - animal mummiesThe tomb is located in the west branch off the southwest wadi. It is one of a group of three tombs (KV50, KV51, KV52) that may represent the pet cemetery of an animal loving pharaoh, perhaps Amenhotep II.

A small irregular shaft leads to an equally small rectangular chamber. The cutting of the chamber had been completed, but the tomb remained undecorated.

The tomb is undecorated, but contained the mummy of a monkey. (The photograph above of of three monkeys found in the neighbouring tomb, KV51). Also found in the tomb was an empty canopic chest. The tomb was robbed in antiquity.
KV52
Tomb of Unknown

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1906
..
iiiiExcavator: Edward Ayrton
..
.i.iExcavated: 1906
..
ikiTotal area: 5.25m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
None
..
........Objects:
Mammal mummies
Mummy trappings
Tomb equipment


Tomb KV53


Tomb KV53, located in the East Valley, is possibly an eighteenth dynasty tomb. Nothing is known about the tomb's owner, or whether it was ever used.

KV53 - Area of tombThe tomb is located in the southwest wadi. The tomb is currently inaccessible and filled with debris and lies at the junction of two of the main paths (centre, bottom of photograph) near the tomb of Amenomopet and the animal tombs mentioned above.KV48.

According to the records made in the early twentieth century, the tomb consisted of a shallow entrance shaft leading to a single chamber. The cutting of the chamber had been completed, but the tomb was undecorated.

KV53 has never been accurately surveyed. The tomb was robbed in antiquity. The only significant object found in the tomb was an ostracon bearing the inscription 'Hori, chief scribe in the Place of Truth'.
KV53
Tomb of Unknown

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1906
..
iiiiExcavator: Edward Ayrton
..
.i.iExcavated: 1906
..
ikiTotal area: 36.56m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
None
..
........Objects:
Written documents


Tomb KV54


Tomb KV54, located in the East Valley, is not so much a tomb as a small pit. It is an eighteenth dynasty cache associated with the pharaoh Tutankhamun. It was discovered by Edward Ayrton in 1907.

KV54 - floral collar from the cacheThe cache consists of a single, shalow pit, located in the southwest wadi near the tomb of Ramesses X (KV18). Soon after the burial of Tutankhamun, his tomb (KV62) was robbed at least twice. After it was first robbed, objects found in the entrance corridor were removed and reburied in KV54.

This tomb is unique in that it was a cache containing embalming material and elements of a funerary meal. It contained about a dozen large sealed storage jars, within which were contained an assortment of carefully packed objects. Among the objects found were pottery, dishes, bags of natron, animal bones, floral collars and linen containing texts dated to the final years of Tutankhamun. The objects from the cache illustrated here can be seen in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. One of the critical finds from KV54 was a piece of linen marked with hieratic text saying 'The good god, Lord of the Two Lands, Nebkheperure (the Prenomen of Tutankhamun), beloved of Min. Linen of year 6'.
KV54
Tutankhamun Cache

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1907
..
iiiiExcavator: Edward Ayrton
..
.i.iExcavated: 1907/08
..
ikiTotal area: 2.00m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: N/A
..
kiDecoration:
None
..
........Objects:
Domestic equipment
Mammal remains
Mummy trappings
Natural compounds
Scarabs and seals
Tomb equipment
Vegetal remains
Vessel stands
Vessels
..
KV54 - pottery and other miscellaneous items
..
KV54 - linen from cache
KV54 - long-necked bottle from cache



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