Tombs KV43 - KV46


Tomb KV43


Tomb KV43, located in the East Valley, was the burial place of the eighteenth dynasty pharaoh Thutmose IV. The tomb was discovered by Howard Carter in 1903 and excavated the same year.

KV43 - planKV43 lies in the south branch of the southeast wadi, high in the mountainside above and southeast of KV19.

The tomb is the earliest example in the valley of the eighteenth dynasty form, with its bent alignment.

From the entryway (A), a long, narrow corridor (B) leads to a second stairway whose steps are badly damaged. From here, a second narrow corridor leads to the Hall of Waiting (E), complete with well shaft with a small chamber leading off the bottom of the shaft.

The Hall of Waiting leads onto the Chariot Hall (F), whose axis is at ninety degrees to that of the entrance corridors. A side descent exits the Chariot Hall, leading to a third corridor (G) followed by a final stairway and antechamber (H).

From the left hand wall of the antechamber a passage leads to the burial chamber (I), which has six pillars and four annexes, two on either side. Between the last two pillars, steps lead to the lower section or crypt.

Only the Hall of Waiting and the antechamber are decorated. In the Hall of Waiting the decoration appears to have been hastily completed with scenes of the king before various deities. The chamber has a ceiling painted with yellow stars on a blue background, with a khekher frieze at the top of the decorated walls, which contain scenes of the king before Osiris, Anubis and Hathor (below).
KV43
Tomb of Thutmose IV

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1903
..
iiiiExcavator: Howard Carter
..
.i.iExcavated: 1903
..
ikiTotal area: 407.70m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Bent
..
kiDecoration:
Grafitti
Painting
..
........Objects:
Accessories
Architectural elements
Bird remains
Clothing
Cosmetic equipment
Food
Furniture
Game components
Human mummies
Jewellery
Models
Scarabs and seals
Sculpture
Tomb equipment
Transport
Vessels
Warfare and hunting equipment

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KV43 - Hall of Waiting - left wall
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KV43 - antechamber - Hieratic grafitti
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KV43 - burial chamber and sarcophagus
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KV43 - Sarcophagus
The decoration of the antechamber, like the that of the Hall of Waiting, was equally hastily done. Here again the ceiling is of yellow stars on a blue background, and there is a khekher frieze atop the plastered and painted walls, which again show the king before Osiris, Anubis and Hathor, the only significant difference being the clothing of the deities.
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KV43 - Antechamber - Thutmose IV and Anubis
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Hieratic graffiti in the antechamber state that the tomb was entered during regnal year 8 of Horemheb for a renewal of the burial. After the removal of the mummy of Thutmose IV to KV35 in the twenty-first dynasty, the tomb was sealed with roughly-cut stones, covered by flood debris, and forgotten until its discovery by Carter in 1903.
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KV43 - antechamber - rear wall decoration
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In some areas the painted plaster has cracked, particularly in the antechamber. At some time during the last twenty years of the twentieth century, an illegal attempt was made to remove the head of one of the figures of Hathor on the rear wall (pictured above - right of picture).
..
The burial chamber is divided into two sections: an upper pillared level and a lower level where the sarcophagus was placed. The sarcophagus (left) is made from yellow quartzite, with surfaces painted red and figures and texts painted yellow with details in black.
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KV43 - items from the tomb


Tomb KV44


Tomb KV44, located in the East Valley, is an eighteenth dynasty tomb. Nothing is known about the tomb's owner. The tomb was discovered by Howard Carter in 1901 and excavated the same year.

KV44 - EntranceThe tomb is located in the southeast branch of the main wadi, close to KV45. The deep entrance shaft leads to a single undecorated chamber. The chamber is well cut and is trapezoidal in shape.

The funerary furniture of the original owner of the tomb was robbed and according to Carter, only 'rubbish' remained inside the tomb. The identity of the owner is unknown.

The tomb was re-used during the twenty-second dynasty for Tentkerer, Lady of the House under Osorkon I, Heiufaa, and a songstress of Amen.

While reclearing the tomb in 1991, Donald Ryan discovered the remains of seven individuals, three of them children, probably from the first interment.
KV44
Tomb of Unknown

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1901
..
iiiiExcavator: Howard Carter
..
.i.iExcavated: 1901
..
ikiTotal area: 22.59m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
None
..
........Objects:
Human mummies
Jewellery
Tomb equipment
Vegetal remains
Vessels


Tomb KV45


Tomb KV45, located in the East Valley, was the burial place of the eighteenth dynasty overseer of the fields of Amun called Userhet. The tomb was discovered by Howard Carter in 1902 and excavated the same year.

KV45 - entranceThe tomb is located in the southeast branch of the main wadi, close to KV44 (pictured right). The well-cut tomb consists of a entrance shaft leading directly onto a small chamber. The tomb was found undecorated.

The tomb belonged to Userhet, Overseer of the Fields of Amen. When Carter discovered the tomb he found the remains of two twenty-second dynasty mummies, each in a double coffin, on top of a large quantity of debris. Carter wrote that it was impossible to remove the two mummies due to the poor condition of the tomb which had been badly damaged by flooding.

He did rescue a part of the mummy case of a man, a scarab, and eighteenth dynasty fragments of canopic jars, belonging to Userhet.

Recently, Donald Ryan re-cleared the tomb, finding the remains of a further two individuals, presumably the original occupants of the tomb.
KV45
Tomb of Userhet

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1902
..
iiiiExcavator: Howard Carter
..
.i.iExcavated: 1902
..
ikiTotal area: 20.09m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Straight
..
kiDecoration:
None
..
........Objects:
Human mummies
Human remains
Jewellery
Tomb equipment
Vegetal remains
Vessels


Tomb KV46


Tomb KV46, located in the East Valley, was the burial place of Yuya and Thuyu, the parents of Tiye, wife of the eighteenth dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep III. The tomb was discovered by James Quibell in 1905 and excavated the same year.

KV46 - plan and section by Theodore M. DavisThe tomb is located in the southeast branch of the main wadi. From the entrance stairway, a sloping corridor leads to a stepped descent followed by a short corridor that opens directly onto the burial chamber. The walls of the tomb were left rough and undecorated.

The burial chamber is roughly rectangular, with a sunken area at its left-hand end. The tomb itself is quite unremarkable, but its contents were certainly not. Before the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun, this tomb was one of the most celebrated discoveries in Egyptian archaeology.

In excavating the tomb James Quibell found that it had been robbed at some time in the past, the sealed barriers having been broken through. A second and third robbery may have taken place during the excavation of the nearby tombs, KV3 and KV4, based on the evidence of necropolis seals that were found. The entrance of the tomb was filled with debris from the construction of these two tombs. KV46 was thereafter inaccessible until 1905 when Quibell rediscovered it.

The tomb was in a state of disarray when entered in 1905. Although several promising items had been shattered, the tomb still contained many startling finds, including the mostly intact sarcophagi of Yuya and Thuyu complete with their funerary masks.
KV46
Tomb of Yuya and Thuyu

..ii..Location: East Valley
..
.iDiscovered: 1905
..
iiiiExcavator: James Quibell
..
.i.iExcavated: 1905
..
ikiTotal area: 62.36m²
..
.ki.Axis Type: Bent
..
kiDecoration:
None
..
........Objects:
Accessories
Clothing
Cosmetic equipment
Furniture
Human mummies
Jewellery
Models
Mummy trappings
Musical instruments
Scarabs and seals
Sculpture
Tomb equipment
Transport
Vessels
Warfare and hunting equipment
Writing equipment
Written document
s

KV46 - canopic chest of Yuya from the burial chamberThe two mummies were in an excellent state of preservation. To judge from the differing embalming techniques that were used on the bodies, they died at different times and were interred several years apart.

Apparently, even though there seems to have been cracks in all the sealed barriers, the tomb was so devoid of atmosphere that silver was still bright and shinny, but within three days of the tombs opening it had tarnished. Some vessels that were uncorked by the archaeologists still contained thick oil, and honey that was almost liquid but still preserved it scent after thousands of years.

The mummies were each laid in four coffins, one inside the other, the outer one being the sarcophagus. In Yuya's case, his sarcophagus was bottomless and was laid on runners while Thuyu's sarcophagus rested on a sledge. Both were covered in black pitch.

One of the finest objects found in the tomb was a practically intact chariot (pictured below). It is plainly decorated with spirals and rosettes in gilt plaster.
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KV46 - chariot
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Other items included a jewelry box (pictured bottom right) decorated with mosaic of ivory, ebony and faience, with inscriptions in gold, and a casket on legs (pictured bottom left) of inlaid wood decorated with blue faience tiles, carrying the names of Amenhotep III, the couple's son-in-law and Tiye, their daughter.
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KV46 - chest of Thuyu
KV46 - gilded mask of Yuya
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KV46 - gilded cartonnage mask of Thuyu
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The remaining furniture included three beds and three chairs. The beds have decorated headboards adorned with bas reliefs in silvered and gilt plaster. The smallest of the chairs is completely covered in gilt. A second chair has arms representing an ibex, while the largest chair is of veneered wood with designs and text in gilt.
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KV46 - chest of ThuyuKV46 - jewellery chest from the burial chamber



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